Glossary of terms used on this site

Glossary of biology.

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
(also, map unit) relative distance that corresponds to a 0,01 recombination frequency
Glossaries - Biology glossary

theory proposing that chromosomes are the genes' vehicles and that their behavior during meiosis is the physical basis of the inheritance patterns that Mendel observed

3' UTR
Glossaries - Biology glossary

3' untranslated region; region just downstream of the protein-coding region in an RNA molecule that is not translated

3' UTR
Glossaries - Biology glossary

3' untranslated region; region just downstream of the protein-coding region in an RNA molecule that is not translated

5' cap
Glossaries - Biology glossary

a methylated guanosine triphosphate (GTP) molecule that is attached to the 5' end of a messenger RNA to protect the end from degradation

5' UTR
Glossaries - Biology glossary

5' untranslated region; region just upstream of the protein-coding region in an RNA molecule that is not translated

7-methylguanosine cap
Glossaries - Biology glossary

modification added to the 5' end of pre-mRNAs to protect mRNA from degradation and assist translation

A horizon
Glossaries - Biology glossary

consists of a mixture of organic material with inorganic products of weathering

abduction
Glossaries - Biology glossary

when a bone moves away from the midline of the body

abiotic
Glossaries - Biology glossary

nonliving components of the environment

above-ground biomass
Glossaries - Biology glossary

total mass of aboveground living plants per area

abscisic acid (ABA)
Glossaries - Biology glossary

plant hormone that induces dormancy in seeds and other organs

abscission
Glossaries - Biology glossary

physiological process that leads to the fall of a plant organ (such as leaf or petal drop)

absorption spectrum
Glossaries - Biology glossary

range of wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation absorbed by a given substance

abstract
Glossaries - Biology glossary

opening section of a scientific paper that summarizes the research and conclusions

Acanthostega
Glossaries - Biology glossary

one of the earliest known tetrapods

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