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It seems as though anyone you speak with has issues of some type of back pain. Back pain, no matter if it’s lower or upper, can cause such a strain on life in general. It can make you miss out on your child’s school events, weddings, graduations, and so on. Back pain is no joke and until a person has suffered with it, a lot of people will never know the severity of general back pain. There can be many causes of lower back pain for many people. Lower back pain can range from not wearing the appropriate shoes, all the way to a childhood injury that wasn’t properly taken care of. The list could go on and on, but today we are actually going to address the main causes of lower back pain.

Muscle Strain and Ligament Sprain

What exactly is a muscle strain and a ligament sprain? Well, a muscle strain is exactly what it sounds like. It’s a strain on the muscle, like a tearing of the muscle itself. A ligament sprain is actually the stretching or tearing even, of a person’s ligaments. Sounds kind of rough, doesn’t it? What can a person do after a muscle strain or even a ligament sprain? There are a few things to consider when deal with these types of condition and below in a listing format, we are going to provide some of those top tips out.

  • Get Rest: We cannot stress this enough when it comes to a muscle strain or a ligament sprain. You need to make sure that you get enough rest and let your body heal. Make sure that you do not engage in strenuous activity. Give yourself time to heal.
  • Ice or Heat? When it comes to these conditions, you do not need to place any type of heat element on your strain or sprain. Ice would be a lot better because the ice will draw the so called, heat out from your injury. The heat is like the infection in your arm or leg, so always place cold elements to the strain or sprain.
  • Keep Your Legs Elevated: Keep in mind that proper elevation within the first few days after these types of injuries is vital in the healing process. The gravity of it all will assist your swelling to settle on the lowest points of your injuries.


Lumbar Herniated Disc

A lumbar herniated disc occurs when someone tries to lift something heavy and sometimes, there can be no reason at all, which does sound scary. Sometimes, a person can develop a lumbar herniated disc issue when he or she twists the lower back and that motion will place added stress on the discs. It’s a very common issue between people aged, thirty-five to fifty. How exactly does a lumbar disc become herniated? That’s a great question because many people have this condition and don’t even know how they got the issue or what to do with it. There is an outer ring called the annulus, which protects a gel-like interior of each individual disc. In regards of aging, as well the common wearing out system our bodies go through, a person’s discs will lose some of the fluid which makes the discs quite spongy. When the discs kind of sit on top of one another, which is what will happen with a lumbar herniated disc, it will cause a lot of pain because the cushion between the discs are disappearing. It’s a very simple concept to understand because when there is added stress on a person’s spine, the discs have no other option than to tear, budge, or even crack. This will cause a person to feel as though their lower back is pinching and really, it is. There is not enough cushion to support the discs and they are rubbing together.

Degenerative Disc Disease


This type of disease is when people will hold symptoms of pain, as well radiating weakness throughout the spine area. Keep in mind that a lot of people will develop this issue over time with the general aging process. Some people will even undergo numbness throughout the spine area. With age and specific activities, a lot of people will undergo degenerative disc disease. Some will be greater, and some people will experience lesser pains from this type of disease. This type of condition usually nine times out of ten, will develop in the lower back, although some people have this disc issue all over the whole spine. It’s more common when people do get it, for it to be located in the lower back area. There are two lumbar causes and it’s very important that you know exactly what they are.

  • Inflammation: Various proteins neighboring the disc space will annoy the surrounding nerves within the space of a person’s disc.
  • Abnormal Micro-Motion Instability: This transpires when the outer rings of a person’s disc become worn down, resulting in not being able to absorb forms of stress upon his or her spine.

What a lot of people do not realize is that degenerative disc disease usually doesn’t get worse over time like a lot of people may think. Usually, throughout a long period of time, this type of condition will decrease, so there is hope at the end of the tunnel.

Facet Joint Dysfunction

This type of condition is when a person will develop symptoms of pain and discomfort at the joint, which is between two vertebrae’s in a person’s spine. What are the facet joints? Initially, facet joints are the joints in a person’s spine which makes the back quite flexible. Facet joints help a person to twist and bend during various physical activities. How would facet joint dysfunction effect lower back pain? Well, this type of dysfunction will cause people to feel pain throughout their buttocks, as well down the back of a person’s upper leg. It will rarely show up in the front of a person’s leg, below the knee, as well into a person’s foot.

What many people fail to realize is that lower back pain and various other conditions associated with it is a huge part of someone’s wellbeing. It may sound like a simple disorder or disability, but it can cause a lot of damage on a person’s life. Did you know that fact joint dysfunction is also known as osteoarthritis? Having great posture when you sit is an option that people will engage in before surgery. Always try to sit up straight anytime you’re sitting, even in the car. Various forms of exercise and applying heat to the pain also helps a lot of people to “cope” with their pain. Some people even see physical therapists to keep from going to the extreme, which is having surgery on the back and most people you speak with doesn’t look forward to a back surgery.

Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

This type of condition is an issue that causes improper movement of a person’s joints at the very bottom of the spine. That will essentially connect to the sacrum, as well the pelvis. This type of problem can make people feel pain all the way down their legs, kind of like a pinching sensation. This issue can also cause inflammation on a person’s joints, which is called sacroiliitis. How can one treat this condition in regards of assisting with lower back pain? Well, there are many options as to what a person can do to get some relief from sacroiliac joint dysfunction. The great news here is that most treatment doesn’t involve surgery, which is a plus for a lot of people.

Many therapists and clients focus more on restoring the normal motion of his or her joint. There are a lot of medications administered to help alleviate this issue. Such medications include some of the following… acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen. Some people even use heat pressure or ice packs on the joint pain to get some relief. If you apply ice packs or heat to your joints, make sure you are leaving the packs on there for at least fifteen to twenty minutes. There are so many options to take when dealing with sacroiliac joint dysfunction and every individual is different when it comes to the care they will need. Some individuals choose to see a chiropractor or implement braces on the legs until the condition is better or fully healed.

Spinal Stenosis

When a person has spinal stenosis, they will usually undergo the spinal canal narrowing and keep in mind that this will most of the time, occur in persons’ that are fifty years old or older. Remember, with most people, spinal stenosis begins as a result of common arthritis, leading onto the narrowing of one’s spine. It sure does sound scary, doesn’t it? Really, what occurs with the narrowing of one’s spine? The spaces which are open begin to get smaller and that tightness will tend to usually pinch the spinal cord, or at least the nerves surrounding it. A person will tend to feel quite a lot of pain, tingling or even numbness in the arms, legs, as well the torso. Below in a listing format, we are going to provide out some additional reasons as to why a person may get spinal stenosis.

  • Injuries: This is probably more common than any other because during the course of a person’s life, he or she will more than likely endure some type of injury. Some injuries, if bad enough can inflame or fracture a portion of the spine.
  • Herniated Discs: If your spinal cushions are cracked, keep in mind that forms of material can actually seep out, pressing upon a person’s spinal cord.
  • Tumors: Some cancerous growths will interfere with the spinal cord, leading to spinal stenosis.
  • Paget’s Disease: With this condition, a person’s bone will tend to grow unusually big, as well brittle.


This type of condition effects billions of people worldwide and is very painful. Spondylolisthesis is when one bone in someone’s back slides forward over the other bones underneath it. Sounds awful, doesn’t it? In most cases, people with spondylolisthesis will have issues in the lower back from this condition. In some situations, this could lead to a person’s spinal cord or nerve roots becoming squeezed. What will this cause? That’s right, it will cause numbness and pain, or even weakness in one or both legs. In some rare and serious cases, this condition can also lead to losing control over your own bladder or bowels. Spondylolisthesis is initially caused by many different factors, relating to the pain in your lower back.

The condition all begins within the small joints in the back. Some factors that play in, which lead to spondylolisthesis include having a defective joint that a person has had since birth. Other factors include a joint which has been damaged by a bad accident or some other form of trauma. You could even overuse the joint and that’s called a stress fracture. Another influence that could play into spondylolisthesis is having a joint damaged by an infection or arthritis. Children and teens will be at a higher risk if they are involved with any type of sport. What are some of the symptoms that people will encounter that have this condition?

  • Pain in the back or buttock.
  • Walking with some difficulties.
  • Pain which radiates down one or both legs.
  • Weakness or even numbness in one or both of the legs.
  • When you bend or twist, the leg and buttock pain will tend to get worse.
  • In rare cases, a person may even lose control over his or her bladder and bowels.


There are many different types of deformities that a person can inherit from their family. Let’s just be honest here, some people are born with issues right from the start, which is sad but that’s life. Let’s take a quick example right fast. Let’s say a baby was born with scoliosis, which is the curvature of one’s spine. Some cases can be worse than others, but most cases that deal with common scoliosis aren’t severe and most people have a slight curvature, not even realizing it. So, let’s say that this baby was born with a 27% curvature of the spine, which is going to lead into lower back issues later on in life. This would be considered to be a deformity because in the normality of life, babies are not supposed to be born with curvatures of the spine.

Everything connects to our spine and when it’s out of line, the issues can trickle down into so many different levels. There are so many people which are born with deformities that cause lower back pain. One example would be Lordosis and this condition is where a person’s back will curve too far inward. Keep in mind that everyone’s spine will curve a little within your neck, upper and lower back. When a person has Lordosis, their spine will curve severely inward. Some people will refer to this as swayback because the back looks as if it’s swaying, which will lead to a lot of lower back pain.


Trauma happens to a lot of people throughout the course of their lives. There can be accidents that happen throughout life, whether it be vehicle accidents, falling off a horse, or various other so called, dangerous activities. Most people will have minor traumas all throughout their lives. Some people even get trauma when playing sports. Let me give you a small example of what I’m talking about when I’m saying trauma. Let’s say your son wants to play Football for his high school, which is great. He gets out on the field and gets injured, he can still walk and function, but the “trauma” in which he experienced out on the field will affect him for the rest of his life.

Usually, the trauma will be linked to either the lower or upper back, more so the lower back because that’s where our spine is connected to our pelvic bones. When you think about a trauma, they will usually occur when we fall down, right? When we fall down, we usually don’t hit our upper backs, so this would make perfect sense as to why most trauma will affect the lower back. A traumatic injury can also cause a person’s spine to become overly compressed and that can actually cause an intervertebral disc to rupture. When this happens, it will cause pressure on any of a person’s nerves which are rooted to the spinal cord. What is so ironic is that most people will get minor traumas in their lives and not even realize it until they hit older age. Why is this? Well, when we get older, our bodies naturally begin to wear out and when a person already has a minor trauma from years ago, that will begin to really show its colors as a person ages.

Compression Fracture

What exactly is a compression fracture? Well, a compression fracture is when one or more bones within the spine weaken, often times crumbling. Who all is at risk for a compression fracture? If a person doesn’t take good care of their back throughout the course of their lives, then anyone could be at risk for a compression fracture. The main people at risk for this type of fracture are women, aged fifty or more because as a woman grows older, their bones become weaker and more brittle.

One must remember that when your bones are brittle, they cannot withstand a lot of physical activity on the daily basis. When pushed to do something which places strain on the back, the bones will begin to break down, kind of like the general wearing out process. After a number of smaller fractures throughout the years, a person’s body will definitely begin to feel the effects in later age. Who all is at risk for a compression fracture?

  • People who has osteoporosis.
  • People that has had cancer and it spread to their bones.

Some classes of people have a much higher chance of getting a compression fracture later in life and below, we are going to take a look at those classes.

  • White women, as well Asian women are at a higher risk to develop compression fractures.
  • Women aged fifty and over are at a much higher risk to develop this condition.
  • If you’re more on the thin side, then you are at a higher risk of developing compression fractures.
  • If a woman has went through early menopause before the age fifty, then they would be at a risk of developing osteoporosis, which leads directly into a compression fracture.
  • People who currently smoke are at a much higher risk of developing compression fractures because when a person smokes, their bone thickness begins to deteriorate faster than that of a nonsmoker.

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