Vitamin B12 is one of the most essential vitamins to attain good health. It has a very complex chemical organization making it distinctive. Eating food high in vitamin B12 does not guarantee that you are getting enough of this in your body.
What is Vitamin B12?
There are eight B vitamins and vitamin B12 is just one of them. This group of vitamins is vital in the functioning of the nervous system and the brain as well. Deficiency of vitamin B12 takes a while to be identified because it is stored in the kidney and it takes longer periods to be expelled in the urine.
What is the Role of Vitamin B12?
Vitamin B12 is needed in proper blood functioning and in the development of red blood cells. It also helps in keeping your nerves healthy. If there is not enough vitamin B12 in the body red blood cells will be abnormally big and they’d have a shorter life span. When this happens your tissues and organs might not get there needed oxygen supply.
Symptoms of Vitamin B12 Deficiency
- feeling tired
- loss of appetite
- sore mouth and tongue
Causes of Vitamin B12 Deficiency
Pernicious anemia is the common cause of vitamin B12 deficiency. This happens when your body does no absorb vitamin B12 in the food you eat. This is an autoimmune disorder where your antibodies from your immune system attack your own tissues. This leads to inflammation in the lining of your stomach.
How to get enough Vitamin B12
- Include fish in your diet because this does not only contain vitamin B12 but it is also a good source of omega-3 fatty acid. Include salmon, halibut, snapper and shrimp in your diet. Including fish in your daily diet could also help improve your memory.
- Meats contain great amount of vitamin B12 particularly calf’s Lamb, chicken and beef tenderloin also have vitamin B12. If you are a meat eater then this should not be a problem but if you are vegan, then you should consider other sources.
- Dairy products like egg, milk, yoghurt and cheese can increase this
- Vitamin B12 supplements could be an option for vegetarians. However, you still need to discuss this option with your doctor especially if you suffer from other health conditions. Thorough examination may also be done by your doctor to ensure that taking supplements is best for you.