The biceps flexor cubiti (French: muscle biceps-brachial) - named from its two heads and its action - is a thick, somewhat flattened fusiform muscle with a bifid upper extremity.

The teres major muscle (french : muscle grand rond)- named from its somewhat cylindrical shape and its size - is a thick ribbon-shaped muscle.

The infraspinatus muscle (French: Muscle infraépineux) is named from its position below the spine of the scapula - is a fan-shaped, thick, triangular sheet.

The subscapularis muscle (French: muscle sous-scapulaire)- named from its position beneath the scapula - is a thick triangular and somewhat multipenniform sheet.

The supra-spinatus muscle (French: Muscle supra-épineux) is named from its position above the spine of the scapula. It is a somewhat fan-shaped, thick triangular sheet.

The teres minor muscle named from its being the lesser of two somewhat cylindrical muscles is a thick but narrow triangular or fan-shaped sheet.

The deltoid muscle (French: muscle Deltoïde; latin : deltoideus) is fleshy from the lateral border and upper surface of the acromion and from the ventral border and upper surface of the lateral third of the clavicle, and tendinous from the spine of the scapula. Some fibre-bundles also at times arise from the deep fascia of the muscle where it overlies and is fused to the fascia of the infraspinatus muscle near the spine.

The pronator radii teres - named from its action and somewhat cylindrica. shape - is a thick ribbon-shaped muscle.

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