Glossary of terms used on this site

Glossary of biology.

Search for glossary terms (regular expression allowed)

Glossaries

Term Main definition
glycosidic bond
Glossaries - Biology glossary

bond formed by a dehydration reaction between two monosaccharides with the elimination of a water molecule.

gnathostome
Glossaries - Biology glossary

jawed fish

gnetophyte
Glossaries - Biology glossary

gymnosperm shrub with varied morphological features that produces vessel elements in its woody tissues; the phylum includes the genera Ephedra, Gnetum, and Welwitschia

goiter
Glossaries - Biology glossary

enlargement of the thyroid gland caused by insufficient dietary iodine levels

Golgi apparatus
Glossaries - Biology glossary

eukaryotic organelle comprised of a series of stacked membranes that sorts, tags, and packages lipids and proteins for distribution

Golgi tendon organ
Glossaries - Biology glossary

muscular proprioceptive tension receptor that provides the sensory component of the Golgi tendon reflex

gomphosis
Glossaries - Biology glossary

the joint in which the tooth fits into the socket like a peg

gonadotropin
Glossaries - Biology glossary

hormone that regulates the gonads, including FSH and LH

gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
Glossaries - Biology glossary

hormone from the hypothalamus that causes the release of FSH and LH from the anterior pituitary

good genes hypothesis
Glossaries - Biology glossary

theory of sexual selection that argues individuals develop impressive ornaments to show off their efficient metabolism or ability to fight disease

Gorilla
Glossaries - Biology glossary
gradual speciation model
Glossaries - Biology glossary

model that shows how species diverge gradually over time in small steps

grafting
Glossaries - Biology glossary

method of asexual reproduction where the stem from one plant species is spliced to a different plant

Gram negative
Glossaries - Biology glossary

bacterium whose cell wall contains little peptidoglycan but has an outer membrane

Gram positive
Glossaries - Biology glossary

bacterium that contains mainly peptidoglycan in its cell walls

This website puts documents at your disposal only and solely for information purposes. They can not in any way replace the consultation of a physician or the care provided by a qualified practitioner and should therefore never be interpreted as being able to do so.