Glossary of terms used on this site

Glossary of biology.

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
Glomeromycota
Glossaries - Biology glossary

phylum of fungi that form symbiotic relationships with the roots of trees

glomerular filtration
Glossaries - Biology glossary

filtration of blood in the glomerular capillary network into the glomerulus

glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
Glossaries - Biology glossary

amount of filtrate formed by the glomerulus per minute

glomerulus
Glossaries - Biology glossary

in the olfactory bulb, one of the two neural clusters that receives signals from one type of olfactory receptor

glomerulus (renal)
Glossaries - Biology glossary

part of the renal corpuscle that contains the capillary network

glucagon
Glossaries - Biology glossary

hormone produced by the alpha cells of the pancreas in response to low blood sugar; functions to raise blood sugar levels

glucocorticoid
Glossaries - Biology glossary

corticosteroid that affects glucose metabolism

gluconeogenesis
Glossaries - Biology glossary

synthesis of glucose from amino acids

glucose-sparing effect
Glossaries - Biology glossary

effect of GH that causes tissues to use fatty acids instead of glucose as an energy sourc

GLUT protein
Glossaries - Biology glossary

integral membrane protein that transports glucose

glycogen
Glossaries - Biology glossary

storage carbohydrate in animals.

glycogenolysis
Glossaries - Biology glossary

breakdown of glycogen into glucose

glycolipid
Glossaries - Biology glossary

combination of carbohydrates and lipids

glycolysis
Glossaries - Biology glossary

process of breaking glucose into two three-carbon molecules with the production of ATP and NADH

glycoprotein
Glossaries - Biology glossary

combination of carbohydrates and proteins

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