Glossary of terms used on this site

Glossary of biology.

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
growth hormone-inhibiting hormone (GHIH)
Glossaries - Biology glossary

hormone produced by the hypothalamus that inhibits growth hormone production, also called somatostatin

growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH)
Glossaries - Biology glossary

hormone released by the hypothalamus that triggers the release of GH

guanine diphosphate (GDP)
Glossaries - Biology glossary

molecule that is left after the energy is used to start translation

guanine triphosphate (GTP)
Glossaries - Biology glossary

energy-providing molecule that binds to eIF-2 and is needed for translation

guard cells
Glossaries - Biology glossary

paired cells on either side of a stoma that control stomatal opening and thereby regulate the movement of gases and water vapor

gustation
Glossaries - Biology glossary

sense of taste

gymnosperm
Glossaries - Biology glossary

seed plant with naked seeds (seeds exposed on modified leaves or in cones)

gynoecium
Glossaries - Biology glossary

(also, carpel) structure that constitutes the female reproductive organ

gynoecium
Glossaries - Biology glossary

(also, carpel) structure that constitutes the female reproductive organ

gynoecium
Glossaries - Biology glossary

the sum of all the carpels in a flower

gyrus
Glossaries - Biology glossary

(plural: gyri) ridged protrusions in the cortex

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