Glossary of terms used on this site

Glossary of biology.

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
flower
Glossaries - Biology glossary

branches specialized for reproduction found in some seed-bearing plants, containing either specialized male or female organs or both male and female organs

fluid mosaic model
Glossaries - Biology glossary

describes the plasma membrane's structure as a mosaic of components including phospholipids, cholesterol, proteins, glycoproteins, and glycolipids (sugar chains attached to proteins or lipids, respectively), resulting in a fluid character (fluidity)

follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
Glossaries - Biology glossary

reproductive hormone that causes sperm production in men and follicle development in women

follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Glossaries - Biology glossary

hormone produced by the anterior pituitary that stimulates gamete production

food chain
Glossaries - Biology glossary

linear representation of a chain of primary producers, primary consumers, and higher-level consumers used to describe ecosystem structure and dynamics

food web
Glossaries - Biology glossary

graphic representation of a holistic, nonlinear web of primary producers, primary consumers, and higher-level consumers used to describe ecosystem structure and dynamics

foodborne disease
Glossaries - Biology glossary

any illness resulting from the consumption of contaminated food, or of the pathogenic bacteria, viruses, or other parasites that contaminate food

foraging
Glossaries - Biology glossary

behaviors species use to find food

forced expiratory volume (FEV)
Glossaries - Biology glossary

(also, forced vital capacity) measure of how much air can be forced out of the lung from maximal inspiration over a specific amount of time

forearm
Glossaries - Biology glossary

extends from the elbow to the wrist and consists of two bones: the ulna and the radius

foreign DNA
Glossaries - Biology glossary

DNA that belongs to a different species or DNA that is artificially synthesized

foundation species
Glossaries - Biology glossary

species which often forms the major structural portion of the habitat

founder effect
Glossaries - Biology glossary

event that initiates an allele frequency change in part of the population, which is not typical of the original population

fovea
Glossaries - Biology glossary

region in the center of the retina with a high density of photoreceptors and which is responsible for acute vision

fragmentation
Glossaries - Biology glossary

cutting or fragmenting of the original animal into parts and the growth of a separate animal from each part

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