Glossary of terms used on this site

Glossary of biology.

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
deuterostome
Glossaries - Biology glossary

blastopore develops into the anus, with the second opening developing into the mouth

diabetes insipidus
Glossaries - Biology glossary

disorder caused by underproduction of ADH

diabetes mellitus
Glossaries - Biology glossary

disorder caused by low levels of insulin activity

diabetogenic effect
Glossaries - Biology glossary

effect of GH that causes blood glucose levels to rise similar to diabetes mellitus

diacylglycerol (DAG)
Glossaries - Biology glossary

cleavage product of PIP2 that is used for signaling within the plasma membrane

diaphragm
Glossaries - Biology glossary

domed-shaped skeletal muscle located under lungs that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity

diaphysis
Glossaries - Biology glossary

central shaft of bone, contains bone marrow in a marrow cavity

diapsid
Glossaries - Biology glossary

animal having two temporal fenestrae in the cranium

diarthrosis
Glossaries - Biology glossary

joint that allows for free movement of the joint; found in synovial joints joint that allows for free movement of the joint; found in synovial joints

diastole
Glossaries - Biology glossary

relaxation phase of the cardiac cycle when the heart is relaxed and the ventricles are filling with blood

Dicer
Glossaries - Biology glossary

enzyme that chops the pre-miRNA into the mature form of the miRNA

dicot
Glossaries - Biology glossary

(also, eudicot) related group of angiosperms whose embryos possess two cotyledons

dideoxynucleotide
Glossaries - Biology glossary

individual DNA monomer that is missing a hydroxyl group (–OH)

diffusion
Glossaries - Biology glossary

passive transport process of low-molecular weight material according to its concentration gradient

digestion
Glossaries - Biology glossary

mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into small organic fragments

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