Muscles

The plantaris (french : muscle plantaire) - named from its occasional attachment to the fascia covering the sole of the foot (=planta)- is a fusiform, somewhat flattened muscle with a very long ribbon- shaped tendon.

The rhomboid (latin : Rhomboidei ; french: Muscles Rhomboïdes) named from their shape, which is rhomboidal, or like a parallelogram - are sometimes looked upon as a single muscle, but may be usually separated into the following : Rhomboid minor muscle and Rhomboid major muscle.

The levator scapula muscle (French : Muscle élévateur de la scapula ; Latin : levator anguli scapulae) , named from its action in raising the posterior superior angle of the scapula, is a ribbon-shaped muscle.

The trapezius (or cucullaris, as it has been called from its resemblance to a cowl = cucullus ; french : muscle trapèze) is named from τραπέζι, a table, on account of the four-sided figure formed by the muscles of the two sides. It is a fan-shaped sheet forming an obtuse-angled triangle, the long side of which corresponds with the spine.

The latissimus dorsi (french : muscle grand dorsal) - named from its being the broadest of the back muscles - is a fan-shaped sheet forming a right-angled triangle, the right angle being contained between its upper and vertebral borders.

The serratus posticus superior muscle (lat: Serratus posticus superior) - named from its saw-like edge and its relation to the other serrati - is a quadrilateral sheet with a toothed outer margin.

The pectoralis minor (french: muscle petit pectoral) - named from its being the smaller of the two muscles which arise from the front of the chest - is a fan- shaped or triangular sheet, with its inner edge divided into three teeth.

The pectoralis major (french : muscle grand pectoral) named from its being the larger of the two muscles which arise from the front of the chest (pectus = breast) - is a thick, triangular, fan-shaped sheet ; or, more accurately, it may be likened to the sector of a circle on account of le curved origin, from which all the fibres converge to the upper part of the humerus as a center.

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