Glossary of terms used on this site

Glossary of biology.

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
chlorophyll b
Glossaries - Biology glossary

accessory pigment that absorbs blue and red-orange light and consequently has a yellowishgreen tint

chloroplast
Glossaries - Biology glossary

plant cell organelle that carries out photosynthesis

chloroplast
Glossaries - Biology glossary

organelle in which photosynthesis takes place

choanocyte
Glossaries - Biology glossary

(also, collar cell) sponge cell that functions to generate a water current and to trap and ingest food particles via phagocytosis

cholecystokinin
Glossaries - Biology glossary

hormone that stimulates the contraction of the gallbladder to release bile

Chondrichthyes
Glossaries - Biology glossary

jawed fish with paired fins and a skeleton made of cartilage

chondrocyte
Glossaries - Biology glossary

cell found in cartilage

Chordata
Glossaries - Biology glossary

phylum of animals distinguished by their possession of a notochord, a dorsal, hollow nerve cord, an endostyle, pharyngeal slits, and a post-anal tail at some point in their development

Chordata
Glossaries - Biology glossary

phylum of animals distinguished by their possession of a notochord, a dorsal hollow nerve cord, pharyngeal slits, and a post-anal tail at some point during their development

chorion
Glossaries - Biology glossary

membrane of the egg that surrounds the embryo and yolk sac

choroid plexus
Glossaries - Biology glossary

spongy tissue within ventricles that produces cerebrospinal fluid

chromatin
Glossaries - Biology glossary

protein-DNA complex that serves as the chromosomes' building material

chromophore
Glossaries - Biology glossary

molecule that absorbs light

chromosome
Glossaries - Biology glossary

structure within the nucleus that comprises chromatin that contains DNA, the hereditary material

chromosome inversion
Glossaries - Biology glossary

detachment, 180° rotation, and chromosome arm reinsertion

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