Glossary of terms used on this site

Glossary of biology.

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
chelicera
Glossaries - Biology glossary

modified first pair of appendages in subphylum Chelicerata

chemical bond
Glossaries - Biology glossary

interaction between two or more of the same or different atoms that results in forming molecules

chemical diversity
Glossaries - Biology glossary

variety of metabolic compounds in an ecosystem

chemical energy
Glossaries - Biology glossary

potential energy in chemical bonds that releases when those bonds are broken

chemical reactivity
Glossaries - Biology glossary

the ability to combine and to chemically bond with each other

chemical synapse
Glossaries - Biology glossary

small space between axon terminals and dendrites of nerve cells where neurotransmitters function

chemiosmosis
Glossaries - Biology glossary

process in which there is a production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in cellular metabolism by the involvement of a proton gradient across a membrane

chemoautotroph
Glossaries - Biology glossary

organism that can build organic molecules using energy derived from inorganic chemicals instead of sunlight

chemoautotroph
Glossaries - Biology glossary

organism capable of synthesizing its own food using energy from inorganic molecules

chemotroph
Glossaries - Biology glossary

organism that obtains energy from chemical compounds

chiasmata
Glossaries - Biology glossary

(singular, chiasma) the structure that forms at the crossover points after genetic material is exchanged

chitin
Glossaries - Biology glossary

type of carbohydrate that forms the outer skeleton of all arthropods that include crustaceans and insects; it also forms the cell walls of fungi.

chloride shift
Glossaries - Biology glossary

exchange of chloride for bicarbonate into or out of the red blood cell

chlorophyll
Glossaries - Biology glossary

green pigment that captures the light energy that drives the light reactions of photosynthesis

chlorophyll a
Glossaries - Biology glossary

form of chlorophyll that absorbs violet-blue and red light and consequently has a bluish-green color; the only pigment molecule that performs the photochemistry by getting excited and losing an electron to the electron transport chain

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