Glossary of terms used on this site

Glossary of biology.

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
central dogma
Glossaries - Biology glossary

states that genes specify the sequence of mRNAs, which in turn specify the sequence of proteins

central vacuole
Glossaries - Biology glossary

large plant cell organelle that regulates the cell’s storage compartment, holds water, and plays a significant role in cell growth as the site of macromolecule degradation

centrosome
Glossaries - Biology glossary

region in animal cells made of two centrioles that serves as an organizing center for microtubules

cephalic phase
Glossaries - Biology glossary

first phase of digestion, controlled by the neural response to the stimulus provided by food

Cephalochordata
Glossaries - Biology glossary

chordate clade whose members possess a notochord, dorsal hollow nerve cord, pharyngeal slits, and a post-anal tail in the adult stage

cephalothorax
Glossaries - Biology glossary

fused head and thorax in some species

cerebellum
Glossaries - Biology glossary

brain structure involved in posture, motor coordination, and learning new motor actions

cerebral cortex
Glossaries - Biology glossary

outermost sheet of brain tissue; involved in many higher-order functions

cerebral cortex
Glossaries - Biology glossary

outermost sheet of brain tissue; involved in many higher-order functions

cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
Glossaries - Biology glossary

clear liquid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord and fills the ventricles and central canal; acts as a shock absorber and circulates material throughout the brain and spinal cord

chain termination method
Glossaries - Biology glossary

method of DNA sequencing using labeled dideoxynucleotides to terminate DNA replication; it is also called the dideoxy method or the Sanger method

channel
Glossaries - Biology glossary

width of a river or stream from one bank to the other bank

channel protein
Glossaries - Biology glossary

membrane protein that allows a substance to pass through its hollow core across the plasma membrane

chaperone
Glossaries - Biology glossary

protein that helps nascent protein in the folding process.

Synonyms - chaperonin
charophyte
Glossaries - Biology glossary

other term for green algae; considered the closest relative of land plants

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