Glossary of terms used on this site

Glossary of biology.

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
cation
Glossaries - Biology glossary

positive ion that is formed by an atom losing one or more electrons

causing cell damage
Glossaries - Biology glossary

lipid bilayer that encircles some viruses

caveolin
Glossaries - Biology glossary

protein that coats the plasma membrane's cytoplasmic side and participates in the liquid uptake process by potocytosis

cDNA library
Glossaries - Biology glossary

collection of cloned cDNA sequences

cell
Glossaries - Biology glossary

smallest fundamental unit of structure and function in living things

cell cycle
Glossaries - Biology glossary

ordered series of events involving cell growth and cell division that produces two new daughter cells

cell cycle checkpoint
Glossaries - Biology glossary

mechanism that monitors the preparedness of a eukaryotic cell to advance through the various cell cycle stages

cell necrosis
Glossaries - Biology glossary

cell death

cell theory
Glossaries - Biology glossary

see unified cell theory

cell wall
Glossaries - Biology glossary

rigid cell covering comprised of various molecules that protects the cell, provides structural support, and gives shape to the cell

cell-mediated immune response
Glossaries - Biology glossary

adaptive immune response that is carried out by T cells

cell-surface receptor
Glossaries - Biology glossary

cell-surface protein that transmits a signal from the exterior of the cell to the interior, even though the ligand does not enter the cell

cellular cloning
Glossaries - Biology glossary

production of identical cell populations by binary fission

cellulose
Glossaries - Biology glossary

polysaccharide that makes up the cell wall of plants; provides structural support to the cell.

centimorgan (cM)
Glossaries - Biology glossary

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