Glossary of terms used on this site

Glossary of biology.

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
cardiac output
Glossaries - Biology glossary

the volume of blood pumped by the heart in one minute as a product of heart rate multiplied by stroke volume

cardiomyocyte
Glossaries - Biology glossary

specialized heart muscle cell that is striated but contracts involuntarily like smooth muscle

carnivore
Glossaries - Biology glossary

animal that consumes animal flesh

carotenoid
Glossaries - Biology glossary

photosynthetic pigment (yellow-orange-red) that functions to dispose of excess energy

carpel
Glossaries - Biology glossary

single unit of the pistil

carpus
Glossaries - Biology glossary

eight bones that comprise the wrist

carrier protein
Glossaries - Biology glossary

membrane protein that moves a substance across the plasma membrane by changing its own shape

carrying capacity (K)
Glossaries - Biology glossary

number of individuals of a species that can be supported by the limited resources of a habitat

cartilage
Glossaries - Biology glossary

type of connective tissue with a large amount of ground substance matrix, cells called chondrocytes, and some amount of fibers

cartilaginous joint
Glossaries - Biology glossary

joint in which the bones are connected by cartilage

Casineria
Glossaries - Biology glossary

one of the oldest known amniotes; had both amphibian and reptilian characteristics

Casparian strip
Glossaries - Biology glossary

waxy coating that forces water to cross endodermal plasma membranes before entering the vascular cylinder, instead of moving between endodermal cells

catabolic
Glossaries - Biology glossary

(also, catabolism) pathways in which complex molecules break down into simpler ones

catabolite activator protein (CAP)
Glossaries - Biology glossary

protein that complexes with cAMP to bind to the promoter sequences of operons which control sugar processing when glucose is not available

Catarrhini
Glossaries - Biology glossary

clade of Old World monkeys

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