Glossary of terms used on this site

Glossary of biology.

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
cochlea
Glossaries - Biology glossary

whorled structure that contains receptors for transduction of the mechanical wave into an electrical signal

cochlear structure that lies above the hair cells and participates in the transduction of sound at the hair cells
Glossaries - Biology glossary

in a neuron, slight continuous activity while at rest

codominance
Glossaries - Biology glossary

in a heterozygote, complete and simultaneous expression of both alleles for the same characteristic

codon
Glossaries - Biology glossary

three consecutive nucleotides in mRNA that specify the insertion of an amino acid or the release of a polypeptide chain during translation

coelom
Glossaries - Biology glossary

lined body cavity

coenocytic hypha
Glossaries - Biology glossary

single hypha that lacks septa and contains many nuclei

coenzyme
Glossaries - Biology glossary

small organic molecule, such as a vitamin or its derivative, which is required to enhance an enzyme's activity

cofactor
Glossaries - Biology glossary

inorganic ion, such as iron and magnesium ions, required for optimal enzyme activity regulation

cognitive learning
Glossaries - Biology glossary

knowledge and skills acquired by the manipulation of information in the mind

cohesin
Glossaries - Biology glossary

proteins that form a complex that seals sister chromatids together at their centromeres until anaphase II of meiosis

cohesion
Glossaries - Biology glossary

intermolecular forces between water molecules caused by the polar nature of water; responsible for surface tension

coleoptile
Glossaries - Biology glossary

covering of the shoot tip, found in germinating monocot seeds

coleorhiza
Glossaries - Biology glossary

covering of the root tip, found in germinating monocot seeds

colinear
Glossaries - Biology glossary

in terms of RNA and protein, three “units” of RNA (nucleotides) specify one “unit” of protein (amino acid) in a consecutive fashion

collenchyma cell
Glossaries - Biology glossary

elongated plant cell with unevenly thickened walls; provides structural support to the stem and leaves

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