Glossary of terms used on this site

Glossary of biology.

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
C horizon
Glossaries - Biology glossary

layer of soil that contains the parent material, and the organic and inorganic material that is broken down to form soil; also known as the soil base

CA-MRSA
Glossaries - Biology glossary

MRSA acquired in the community rather than in a hospital

CAAT box
Glossaries - Biology glossary

(GGCCAATCT) essential eukaryotic promoter sequence involved in binding transcription factors

caecilian
Glossaries - Biology glossary

legless amphibian that belongs to the clade Apoda

calcification
Glossaries - Biology glossary

process of deposition of mineral salts in the collagen fiber matrix that crystallizes and hardens the tissue

calcitonin
Glossaries - Biology glossary

hormone produced by the parafollicular cells of the thyroid gland that functions to lower blood Ca2+ levels and promote bone growth

calorie
Glossaries - Biology glossary

amount of heat required to change the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius

Calvin cycle
Glossaries - Biology glossary

light-independent reactions of photosynthesis that convert carbon dioxide from the atmosphere into carbohydrates using the energy and reducing power of ATP and NADPH

calyx
Glossaries - Biology glossary

whorl of sepals

calyx
Glossaries - Biology glossary

structure that connects the renal pelvis to the renal medulla

Cambrian explosion
Glossaries - Biology glossary

time during the Cambrian period (542–488 million years ago) when most of the animal phyla in existence today evolved

camouflage
Glossaries - Biology glossary

avoid detection by blending in with the background

canaliculus
Glossaries - Biology glossary

microchannel that connects the lacunae and aids diffusion between cells

candela
Glossaries - Biology glossary

(cd) unit of measurement of luminous intensity (brightness)

canopy
Glossaries - Biology glossary

branches and foliage of trees that form a layer of overhead coverage in a forest

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