Glossary of terms used on this site

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
adipocytes
Glossaries - Histology glossary

lipid storage cells

adipose tissue
Glossaries - Histology glossary

specialized areolar tissue rich in stored fat

anchoring junction
Glossaries - Histology glossary

mechanically attaches adjacent cells to each other or to the basement membrane

apical
Glossaries - Histology glossary

that part of a cell or tissue which, in general, faces an open space

apocrine secretion
Glossaries - Histology glossary

release of a substance along with the apical portion of the cell

apoptosis
Glossaries - Histology glossary

programmed cell death

areolar tissue
Glossaries - Histology glossary

(also, loose connective tissue) a type of connective tissue proper that shows little specialization with
cells dispersed in the matrix

Synonyms - loose connective tissue
astrocyte
Glossaries - Histology glossary

star-shaped cell in the central nervous system that regulates ions and uptake and/or breakdown of some neurotransmitters and contributes to the formation of the blood-brain barrier

atrophy
Glossaries - Histology glossary

loss of mass and function

basal lamina
Glossaries - Histology glossary

thin extracellular layer that lies underneath epithelial cells and separates them from other tissues

basement membrane
Glossaries - Histology glossary

in epithelial tissue, a thin layer of fibrous material that anchors the epithelial tissue to the underlying connective tissue; made up of the basal lamina and reticular lamina

cardiac muscle
Glossaries - Histology glossary

heart muscle, under involuntary control, composed of striated cells that attach to form fibers, each cell contains a single nucleus, contracts autonomously

cell junction
Glossaries - Histology glossary

point of cell-to-cell contact that connects one cell to another in a tissue

chondrocytes
Glossaries - Histology glossary

cells of the cartilage

clotting
Glossaries - Histology glossary

also called coagulation; complex process by which blood components form a plug to stop bleeding

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