Glossary of terms used on this site

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
radical behaviorism
Glossaries - Psychology

staunch form of behaviorism developed by B. F. Skinner that suggested that even complex higher mental functions like human language are nothing more than stimulus-outcome associations

random assignment
Glossaries - Psychology

method of experimental group assignment in which all participants have an equal chance of being assigned to either group

random sample
Glossaries - Psychology

subset of a larger population in which every member of the population has an equal chance of being selected

range of reaction
Glossaries - Psychology

asserts our genes set the boundaries within which we can operate, and our environment interacts with the genes to determine where in that range we will fall

range of reaction
Glossaries - Psychology

each person’s response to the environment is unique based on his or her genetic makeup

rapid eye movement (REM) sleep
Glossaries - Psychology

period of sleep characterized by brain waves very similar to those period of sleep characterized by brain waves very similar to those

rapid eye movement (REM) sleep
Glossaries - Psychology

period of sleep characterized by brain waves very similar to those period of sleep characterized by brain waves very similar to those during wakefulness and by darting movements of the eyes under closed eyelids

rationalization
Glossaries - Psychology

ego defense mechanism in which a person confronted with anxiety makes excuses to justify behavior

reaction formation
Glossaries - Psychology

ego defense mechanism in which a person confronted with anxiety swaps unacceptable urges or behaviors for their opposites

real self
Glossaries - Psychology

person who we actually are

recall
Glossaries - Psychology

accessing information without cues

receptor
Glossaries - Psychology

protein on the cell surface where neurotransmitters attach

recessive allele
Glossaries - Psychology

allele whose phenotype will be expressed only if an individual is homozygous for that allele

reciprocal determinism
Glossaries - Psychology

belief that one’s environment can determine behavior, but at the same time, people can influence the environment with both their thoughts and behaviors

recognition
Glossaries - Psychology

identifying previously learned information after encountering it again, usually in response to a cue

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