Glossary of terms used on this site

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
conditioned stimulus (CS)
Glossaries - Psychology

stimulus that elicits a response due to its being paired with an unconditioned stimulus

confirmation bias
Glossaries - Psychology

tendency to ignore evidence that disproves ideas or beliefs

confirmation bias
Glossaries - Psychology

faulty heuristic in which you focus on information that confirms your beliefs

confounding variable
Glossaries - Psychology

unanticipated outside factor that affects both variables of interest, often giving the false impression that changes in one variable causes changes in the other variable, when, in actuality, the outside factor causes changes in both variables

congruence
Glossaries - Psychology

state of being in which our thoughts about our real and ideal selves are very similar

conscious
Glossaries - Psychology

mental activity (thoughts, feelings, and memories) that we can access at any time

consciousness
Glossaries - Psychology

awareness of internal and external stimuli

conservation
Glossaries - Psychology

idea that even if you change the appearance of something, it is still equal in size, volume, or number as long as nothing is added or removed

construction
Glossaries - Psychology

formulation of new memories

Contemporized-Themes Concerning Blacks Test (C-TCB)
Glossaries - Psychology

projective test designed to be culturally relevant to African Americans, using images that relate to African-American culture

continuous development
Glossaries - Psychology

view that development is a cumulative process: gradually improving on existing skills

continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)
Glossaries - Psychology

device used to treat sleep apnea; includes a mask that fits over the sleeper’s nose and mouth, which is connected to a pump that pumps air into the person’s airways, forcing them to remain open

continuous reinforcement
Glossaries - Psychology

rewarding a behavior every time it occurs

control group
Glossaries - Psychology

serves as a basis for comparison and controls for chance factors that might influence the results of the study—by holding such factors constant across groups so that the experimental manipulation is the only difference between groups

convergent thinking
Glossaries - Psychology

providing correct or established answers to problems

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