Glossary of terms used on this site

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
dissertation
Glossaries - Psychology

long research paper about research that was conducted as a part of the candidate’s doctoral training

distorted body image
Glossaries - Psychology

individuals view themselves as overweight even though they are not

divergent thinking
Glossaries - Psychology

ability to think “outside the box” to arrive at novel solutions to a problem

do not resuscitate (DNR)
Glossaries - Psychology

a legal document stating that if a person stops breathing or his or her heart stops, medical personnel such as doctors and nurses are not to take steps to revive or resuscitate the patient

dominant allele
Glossaries - Psychology

allele whose phenotype will be expressed in an individual that possesses that allele

double-blind study
Glossaries - Psychology

experiment in which both the researchers and the participants are blind to group assignments grounded

drive theory
Glossaries - Psychology

deviations from homeostasis create physiological needs that result in psychological drive

drive theory
Glossaries - Psychology

deviations from homeostasis create physiological needs that result in psychological drive states that direct behavior to meet the need and ultimately bring the system back to homeostasis

dyscalculia
Glossaries - Psychology

learning disability that causes difficulty in learning or comprehending mathematics

dysgraphia
Glossaries - Psychology

learning disability that causes extreme difficulty in writing legibly

dyslexia
Glossaries - Psychology

common learning disability in which letters are not processed properly by the brain

effortful processing
Glossaries - Psychology

encoding of information that takes effort and attention

ego
Glossaries - Psychology

aspect of personality that represents the self, or the part of one’s personality that is visible to others

egocentrism
Glossaries - Psychology

preoperational child’s difficulty in taking the perspective of others

elaborative rehearsal
Glossaries - Psychology

thinking about the meaning of new information and its relation to knowledge already stored in your memory

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